Seed Collection, Bulking, and Reintroduction of Coastal Dunes Milk-vetch (Astragalus tener var. titi)
The California Department of Fish and Wildlife is issuing a permit to the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) (Permit No. 2081(a)-23-008-RP) pursuant to Fish and Game Code section 2081(a) for a project to implement a seed collection, bulking, and reintroduction effort to promote the recovery of coastal dunes milk-vetch in historically occupied habitat and reduce the risk of extinction resulting from limited areal extent, habitat fragmentation, and disturbance. Twenty one historically occupied areas that are currently unoccupied are proposed for experimental reintroduction and population expansion efforts. The Project directly addresses recovery criteria in the USFWS recovery plan and 5-year review of coastal dunes milk-vetch. Seed will be collected in June 2023 for bulking activities with the goal of generating approximately 5,000 seeds for an experimental reintroduction project planned for late fall 2023 or early winter 2023/2024. Reintroduction plots will be photo documented and monitored twice during the growing season from February to May in 2024 and 2025. At the end of the growing season annually, each plot will be assessed for abundance, cover, seed set, and associated vegetation. Naturally occurring colonies will also be visually noted during monitoring events for qualitative comparisons to treatment areas.