CarbonFrontier Carbon Capture and Sequestration by Aera Energy, LLC


SCH Number
Lead Agency
Kern County
Document Title
CarbonFrontier Carbon Capture and Sequestration by Aera Energy, LLC
Document Type
NOP - Notice of Preparation of a Draft EIR
Present Land Use
Oil and Gas Exploration and Production / A (Exclusive Agriculture), A-1 (Limited Agriculture, NR (20) (Natural Resources – 20 acre min) / 8.1 (Intensive Agriculture), 8.3 (Extensive Agriculture), 8.4 (Mineral and Petroleum), 8.1/2.5 (Intensive Agriculture – Flood Hazard Overlay), 8.3/2.5 (Extensive Agriculture – Flood Hazard Overlay), 8.4/2.5 (Mineral and Petroleum – Flood Hazard Overlay).
Document Description
The CarbonFrontier CCS Project, as proposed by AERA Energy, LLC would develop an approximate 13,229 acre carbon capture and sequestration field, associated Class VI geologic sequestration injection wells, and related improvements for storage of Carbon Dioxide (CO2). The proposed project would capture CO2 from existing sources within the South Belridge oil field and transport it by pipeline to dedicated Class VI injection wells within the North Belridge oil field to be injected into identified geologically confined reservoirs for storage. The underground CCS formation is a depleted oil and gas reservoir with saline formation water. The CO2 distribution pipelines, and associated infrastructure would be new construction. Implementation of the proposed project includes the following requests: • Zone Classification Change (ZCC) from A-1 (limited Agriculture) to A (Exclusive Agriculture) on approximately 1,737 acres and from NR (Natural Resources – 20 acre minimum) to A (Exclusive Agriculture) on approximately 47 acres. • Conditional Use Permit (CUP) to allow a CCS facility, associated Class VI geologic sequestration injection wells, and related improvements for storage of CO2 on approximately 13,229 acres. CCS has been determined to be a storage operation under the Kern County Zoning Ordinance, Section 19.08.085 and Section 19.06.020. Therefore, CCS in either existing formation or tanks is an allowed use with a CUP in the following districts: o A District (Exclusive Agriculture) o M-2 District (Medium Industrial) o M-3 District (Heavy Industrial) Implementation of the proposed project would also require permits from the Federal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for up to nine (9) Class VI injection wells in compliance with the UIC Program for Class VI injection wells (40 CFR 146.81 et seq.). The proposed project area has been identified as a location suitable for such storage and a potential to contribute to California’s goals for carbon neutrality by 2045 by reducing industrial uses to no net contribution and potentially supporting direct removal of CO2 from the air. California executive order B-55-18 mandates that the state achieve carbon neutrality by 2045 and maintain net negative emissions thereafter. (

Contact Information

Cindi Hoover, AICP
Agency Name
Kern County Planning and Natural Resources Department
Job Title
Planning Division Chief
Contact Types
Lead/Public Agency


unincorporated area
Cross Streets
Lerdo Highway State Highway 33
Total Acres
Parcel #
State Highways
SR 33
Other Location Info
Zip Codes 93249 93251 Section Township Range: Sections 20, 21, 22, 26, 27, 28, 34, 35, and 36 of Township 27 South, Range 20 East; Sections 1, 2, and 12 of Township 28 South, Range 20 East; Sections 6, 7, 17, 18, 20, 27, 28, 29, 32, 33, and 34 of Township 28 South Range 21 East; and Sections 2, 3, and 4 of Township 29 South, Range 21 East of the Mount Diablo Base and Meridian (MDB&M)

Notice of Completion

State Review Period Start
State Review Period End
State Reviewing Agencies
California Air Resources Board (ARB), California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CAL FIRE), California Department of Parks and Recreation, California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery, California Department of Transportation, District 6 (DOT), California Department of Water Resources (DWR), California Energy Commission, California Governor's Office of Emergency Services (OES), California Highway Patrol (CHP), California Natural Resources Agency, California Regional Water Quality Control Board, Central Valley Fresno Region 5 (RWQCB), Central Valley Flood Protection Board, Department of Toxic Substances Control, Office of Historic Preservation, California Native American Heritage Commission (NAHC), California Department of Fish and Wildlife, Central Region 4 (CDFW), California Department of Conservation (DOC)
State Reviewing Agency Comments
California Native American Heritage Commission (NAHC), California Department of Fish and Wildlife, Central Region 4 (CDFW), California Department of Conservation (DOC)
Development Types
Other (Carbon Capture and Sequestration)
Local Actions
Rezone, Use Permit
Project Issues
Aesthetics, Agriculture and Forestry Resources, Air Quality, Biological Resources, Cultural Resources, Cumulative Effects, Drainage/Absorption, Energy, Flood Plain/Flooding, Geology/Soils, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Growth Inducement, Hazards & Hazardous Materials, Hydrology/Water Quality, Land Use/Planning, Mandatory Findings of Significance, Mineral Resources, Noise, Population/Housing, Public Services, Recreation, Schools/Universities, Septic System, Sewer Capacity, Solid Waste, Transportation, Tribal Cultural Resources, Utilities/Service Systems, Vegetation, Wetland/Riparian, Wildfire
Local Review Period Start
Local Review Period End


Draft Environmental Document [Draft IS, NOI_NOA_Public notices, OPR Summary Form, Appx,]
Notice of Completion [NOC] Transmittal form

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