The Sierra Nevada Conservancy (SNC) will provide funding to the Sierra Valley Fire Safe and Watershed Council to implement fuel treatments on 45 acres of Tahoe National Forest (TNF) land to create a fuelbreak along Antelope Valley Road west of Sierra Brooks. The area is adjacent to the 1994 Cottonwood Fire footprint. SNC funding will be used to complete treatments that will restore heterogeneous lower-density forest conditions with reduced surface fuel loads that reduce the risk of mortality from drought, insects, disease and fire; result in post-treatment conditions that will allow for the safe application of prescribed fire; and provide a critical fuelbreak and connectivity of existing and planned fuelbreaks adjacent to the communities of Sierra Brooks, Loyalton, and Sierraville to allow for future fire-management opportunities. Mastication will be the primary method of treatment across the project area with smaller areas of lop and scatter and hand removal in sensitive riparian or wet areas. The project activities on these 45 acres of the TNF would be funded by the same grant that would fund implementation of related fuel-treatment activities on 130 acres on the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) Antelope Valley State Wildlife Area. The CDFW is Lead Agency under CEQA for its project, (SCH 2008082031) with an IS/ND filed in August 2008 and a NOD in November 2008.