Groundwater PFAS Treatment Facility

2 Documents in Project


SCH Number
Lead Agency
Alameda County Water District (ACWD)
Document Title
Groundwater PFAS Treatment Facility
Document Type
FIN - Final Document
Document Description
Alameda County Water District (ACWD) blends local groundwater with purchased water from the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SF PUC) at ACWD's Blending Facility in Fremont, California. The groundwater is from ACWD's onsite Peralta-Tyson (PT) wellfield and the nearby Mowry wellfield, which each have eight production wells (total 16). The groundwater is blended with low-hardness SFPUC water to meet ACWD's hardness goals. Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) have recently been detected in the Mowry and PT production wells. The California State Water Resources Control Board's Division of Drinking Water (DDW) has established notification levels (NLs) and response levels (RLs) for four PFAS: perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), and perfluorobutanesulfonic acid (PFBS), and perfluoroctanesulfonic acid (PFHxS). California regulatory standards for PFAS are expected in the future, including NLs and RLs for PFAS and maximum contaminant levels (MCLs) for a class of PFAS including PFOA and PFOS. Additionally, a federal MCL for PFOA and PFOS is expected in 2023. While the Blending Facility has a capacity of 48 million gallons per day (MGD), current groundwater production is limited by hardness and PFAS goals. Meeting a 150-milligrams per liter hardness goal limits production to 32 to 36 MGD, while achieving a PFOS concentration below the NL further limits production to 22 to 24 MGD. Achieving the PFHxS NL would further limit the production to approximately 18 MGD.

Contact Information

Kerri Smyth
Agency Name
Alameda County Water District
Job Title
Associate Engineer
Contact Types
Lead/Public Agency


Northern California
Cross Streets
1111 Mowry Ave

Notice of Completion

State Reviewing Agencies
California Air Resources Board (ARB), California Department of Fish and Wildlife, Bay Delta Region 3 (CDFW), California Department of Parks and Recreation, California Department of Transportation, District 4 (DOT), California Department of Transportation, Division of Aeronautics (DOT), California Department of Transportation, Division of Transportation Planning (DOT), California Department of Water Resources (DWR), California Highway Patrol (CHP), California Native American Heritage Commission (NAHC), California Natural Resources Agency, California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC), California Regional Water Quality Control Board, San Francisco Bay Region 2 (RWQCB), California State Lands Commission (SLC), Department of Toxic Substances Control, Office of Historic Preservation, State Water Resources Control Board, Division of Drinking Water, State Water Resources Control Board, Division of Drinking Water, District 4, State Water Resources Control Board, Division of Water Quality, State Water Resources Control Board, Division of Water Rights, State Water Resources Control Board, Divison of Financial Assistance
Development Types
Water Facilities (PFAS Removal)(Type Ion Exchange, MGD 6)
Local Actions
Water Treatment Facility
Project Issues
Biological Resources, Cultural Resources, Tribal Cultural Resources


Final Document(s) [Approved_Certified draft environmental documents]

Disclaimer: The Governor’s Office of Planning and Research (OPR) accepts no responsibility for the content or accessibility of these documents. To obtain an attachment in a different format, please contact the lead agency at the contact information listed above. You may also contact the OPR via email at or via phone at (916) 445-0613. For more information, please visit OPR’s Accessibility Site.

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