The Project under review is the Phase I Oakland 2045 General Plan Update, which includes updates to the City of Oakland Safety Element, adoption of a new Environmental Justice element, and Planning Code, Zoning Map, and General Plan text and map amendments, which serve to implement several actions contained in the City’s recently adopted 2023-2031 Housing Element.
Housing Element Implementation (HEI)
The Housing Element Implementation (HEI) component of the Project would include adoption of Planning Code, Zoning Map, and General Plan text and map amendments to implement goals, policies, and actions related to housing contained in the Housing Element of the City’s General Plan. The 2023-2031 Housing Element was adopted on January 31, 2023, and contains an updated housing needs assessment, a housing sites inventory that meets the City’s RHNA including a buffer of additional housing development capacity, and a Housing Action Plan (HAP). The HAP is a chapter of the 2023-2031 Housing Element and presents the updated goals, policies, and actions critical to respond to increasing housing pressures in Oakland. The General Plan text and map amendments include conforming changes to ensure that the policies, allowed uses, and allowed densities included in the Planning Code and Zoning Map are consistent with General Plan designations and policies.
Safety Element Update
The Safety Element Update component of the Project builds on the City’s 2021- 2026 Local Hazard Mitigation Plan; addresses all State requirements including requirements of Assembly Bill 747 (2019) and Senate Bill 99 (2019) regarding evacuation routes as well as Senate Bill 379 (2016) requiring inclusion of climate adaptation and resiliency strategies; and serves as a central reference point for the City’s efforts to address safety and climate change. The Safety Element Update includes actionable strategies for addressing identified critical facility needs and enabling climate-smart development.
Environmental Justice Element
Senate Bill 1000, also referred to as the 2016 Planning for Healthy Communities Act, requires that cities with “disadvantaged communities” or “Environmental Justice Communities (EJ Communities)” adopt environmental justice policies or an Environmental Justice Element as part of its General Plan. The Project includes the City’s first Environmental Justice (EJ) Element with the purpose of addressing the unique or compounded health risks in EJ Communities within the City of Oakland.
While the Project does not propose specific private developments, construction would be a reasonably foreseeable future outcome of its adoption. For the purposes of environmental review, this Draft EIR establishes the Phase 1 Oakland 2045 General Plan Update Buildout Program (Buildout Program), which represents the maximum feasible housing development that the City has projected can reasonably be expected to occur through 2030. The Buildout Program assumes approximately 41,458 new housing units would be developed under the Project during the projection period ending in 2030, although the actual pace of development will depend on market conditions, property owner interest, and– in the case of affordable housing– available funding and/or other incentives.