The California Department of Fish and Wildlife is issuing a permit to MDLT [Permit No. 2081(a)-21-024-RP] pursuant to Fish and Game Code section 2081(a) for a project involving the manual removal of non-native, invasive plants (plant removal) on MDLT and THC properties that contain western Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia) woodlands vulnerable to wildfire. The goal of the Project is to use manual removal treatments (i.e., hand tools) to reduce and control non-native, invasive plant species by whole-plant removal or cutting. Plant removal should decrease the amount of fuel available to burn during a wildfire and help control non-native, invasive plant population sizes that compete with native plants for resources. The Project will take place over five years with plant removal occurring repeatedly, but not more than once per year. Plant removal will occur on multiple properties with each property containing large multi-acre treatment areas. Surveys will be conducted prior to plant removal, as well as annually for the duration of the Project, to document the effects of plant removal on western Joshua tree. Data will be collected annually on species composition; percent cover and condition of targeted non-native, invasive plant species; and density and condition of western Joshua tree in the treatment area. Data will be analyzed to identify and track changes in non-native, invasive plant species; condition of western Joshua trees (dead versus alive); and overall species composition in the treatment areas.